How many days Sperm Live in Female Body after Intercourse?

While it depends on the correct circumstances and the stage of the woman’s menstrual cycle, sperm can survive inside the female reproductive system for up to five days. The cervical mucus’ texture affects several things. When fertility is at its highest, our systems can increase sperm survival by generating a specific form of cervical mucus that shields sperm and facilitates their movement to the fallopian tubes. The mucus thins instead of maintaining its typically opaque structure, creating the ideal environment for housing sperm while yet allowing for mobility.

Each ejaculation includes millions of sperm cells, although only one sperm cell is required to fertilise an egg cell. Sperm can only survive in the female reproductive system for a short time without the proper circumstances, usually a few hours. Cervical “crypts,” which are tiny tubes that branch off the cervical canal, are other essential parts used by the cervix to retain sperm during ovulation. Sperm may be temporarily stored in these crypts and then released over time to increase the likelihood of conception.

The Life Span of a Sperm Inside Vagina or Uterus

From a few hours to up to five days following sexual activity, healthy sperm can survive. The environment in which the sperm are found determines how long do sperm live there in the uterus/vagina. The longevity of the sperm depends on the characteristics of the woman’s vagina, uterus, and fallopian tubes. All the nutrients necessary for sperm to survive at that time are present in the fluid of a woman’s reproductive tract. The sperm’s chances of surviving within the vagina will rise if the cervical fluid is fertile. Only the healthiest sperm will survive the first 12 hours in a woman’s vaginal canal since it is acidic in nature.

A male body releases about 100 million sperm through his semen each time he ejaculates. The difficult journey via the vagina and into the fallopian tubes will only be endured by a few sperm. The sperm cells must pass via the cervix and uterus after entering the female reproductive system to reach the fallopian tubes and the female egg. Those that make it to the cervical fluid can proceed safely into the fallopian tubes and wait for the egg to arrive from the ovaries for around five days. 

The Process when Sperm enters the Vagina

Human sperm are released at coitus into the anterior vagina, where they swiftly come into touch with cervical mucus and enter the cervix to escape vaginal acid and immunological reactions. Just a small percentage of ejaculated sperm penetrate the cervix because cervical mucus filters away sperm with poor morphology and motility. A single sperm cell that is barely 0.5 mm in size needs to travel over 152 mm from the base of the cervix to the egg for fertilisation after ejaculation.

How many Sperms do you Need to get Pregnant?

Only one sperm is sufficient to fertilise a woman’s egg. But one also needs to keep in mind that millions of sperm never make it to the egg for everyone that does. 

Men typically discharge close to 100 million sperm each time they ejaculate. Why are so many sperm discharged if only one is required to create a child? Few sperm make it through the difficult journey that semen must take to reach the waiting egg as it travels from the vagina to the fallopian tubes. According to experts, nature may use this procedure to ensure that only the healthiest sperm fertilises the egg, giving parents the best opportunity to have a healthy child. Just 100,000 of the 200 million sperm that are typically deposited at the cervix after an ejaculation reach the womb.

For this reason, a high sperm count is essential while trying to conceive. You must at least achieve a certain minimum sperm count with each ejaculation in order tour most fertile.

How To Improve Sperm Health?

Several practices you do to maintain your health are also effective in maintaining sperm health. Use a few of these recommendations:

  • Stop smoking because it causes sperm DNA damage in addition to a decrease in sperm count.
  • Lead, pesticides, and other pollutants can have an impact on sperm quality and quantity. Hence, toxins, including pesticides and heavy metals, should be avoided.
  • Refrain from consuming anabolic steroids.
  • Restrict your alcohol consumption because excessive drinking can result in lower testosterone levels, impotence, and lower sperm production.
  • Maintain a healthy weight by eating a nutritious diet.
  • Since heat slows down the production of sperm, keep your scrotum cool. To do this, refrain from taking hot showers, wear boxers rather than briefs, and avoid wearing tight clothing.

Infertility may result from cancer treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy and can affect sperm quality and quantity. Obtaining and conserving sperm before is something you should discuss with your doctor.

How can I get help?

Indira IVF offers free consultations from over 250+ fertility experts at all of its 120+ clinics in India. At Indira IVF, more than a million couples have conquered infertility problems and begun families using our cutting-edge assisted reproductive technology, including IVFIUIICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection), etc.

To learn more about your fertility-related health, schedule a free appointment with one of our fertility experts right away at 18003092323.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. How long does it take the fertilised egg to implant itself in the uterus?

 The fertilised egg typically needs between 6 and 10 days to adhere to the uterine walls.

Q2. If there is semen near the vagina, is it possible to become pregnant?

If sperm is nearby and hasn’t dried up, you can become pregnant.

Q3. What signs do you experience during fertilisation?

The female does not display any unique symptoms when the process of fertilisation takes place inside her body.

Q4. How can I tell if my sperm is healthy?

Three factors are evaluated to determine sperm health: sperm count, sperm motion, and sperm shape. Your doctor could advise a semen analysis test if you and your spouse are experiencing problems conceiving.

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